COLLECTION

Mapping and Assessment of Ecosystems and their Services

Acronym: MAES

Description

Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy requires the Member States, with the assistance of the European Commission, to map and assess ecosystems and their services. As a response, the Joint Research Centre developed a series of maps of ecosystem services. This data collection is made available here.

The data are organised in GIS raster and vector datasets

Contact

Email
joachim.maes (at) ec.europa.eu

Science Areas

Environment and climate change

Datasets (21)

DATASET | Last updated:
EU Ecosystem Assessment - Freshwater Ecosystem

List of indicators included in the dataset: 1) River, Lakes and Freshwater ecosystem extent; 2) Domestic waste emissions to the environment; 3) Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Bioche...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Soil Retention

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. On site soil erosion from rainfall is regarded as one of the major causes of environmental degradation. However, healthy ecosystems can also ...

DATASET | Last updated:
EU Ecosystem Assessment - Invasive Alien Species

A spatially explicit cross-cutting indicator that quantifies the cumulative and relative pressure by IAS on terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems, by means of a unitless figure rel...

DATASET | Last updated:
EU Ecosystem Assessment - Marine Ecosystem

This dataset contains the relevant products for the following indicators: Acidification, Sea surface temperature, Sea level anomaly, Seawater salinity, Chemicals load to sea, Nutri...

DATASET | Last updated:
EU Ecosystem Assessment - Urban Ecosystem

Air pollutants emissions: Pressure indicator. Total air pollutants emission inside Functional Urban Areas. Air pollutants concentration: environmental quality indicator. Average a...

DATASET | Last updated:
EU Ecosystem Assessment - Forest Condition

This dataset contains the relevant data sets for the following indicators: Acidification, eutrophication, dry matter productivity (DMP), effective rainfall, evapotranspiration, for...

DATASET | Last updated:
Water Retention Index

WRI is a composite indicator developed to assess the capacity of the landscape to regulate and retain water passing through it. This indicator shows where there could be a deficit ...

DATASET | Last updated:
Air quality regulation

NO2 is used as indicator substance for mapping air quality regulation by urban green space. Removal of NO2 by urban green space is calculated based on NO2 concentrations and depos...

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Soil erosion control

Soil erosion control is a key ecosystem service delivered by terrestrial ecosystems, mainly through vegetation cover. Two indicators are used to quantify capacity and use of the se...

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Recreation Opportunity Spectrum

The Recreation Opportunity Spectrum (ROS) represents the degree of service available according to proximity to roads and residential areas. It combines the potential opportunities ...

DATASET | Last updated:
Net Ecosystem Productivity

Net Ecosystem Productivity (NEP) may act as a surrogate for many ecosystem services given the crucial role of photosynthesis for many, if not all, ecosystem services. This indicato...

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Forest Carbon Potential

Forest carbon potential is an indicator which is developed to assess relative changes in carbon stock and flows and to compute its variation between two time periods, in relation t...

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Habitat quality

The habitat quality indicator is based on the modelled species distribution of common birds. Data on bird species occurrences were obtained from the EBCC Atlas of European Breeding...

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Relative Pollination Potential

Pollination is a key ecosystem service as many crops but in particular, fruits and vegetables are partially dependent on pollinating insects to produce food for human consumption. ...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Flood Control

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. All ecosystems but in particular forests, shrubland, grasslands and wetlands reduce runoff by retaining water in the soil and aquifers and s...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Timber Provision

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. The dataset presents the contribution of ecosystems to timber provision by multiplying the net annual increment of timber with a ratio that ...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Crop Pollination

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. It describes the ecosystem service of crop pollination. Pollination is a key ecosystem service as many crops but in particular, fruits and ve...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Carbon Sequestration

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. Global climate regulation as an ecosystem service includes the sequestration of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere by ecosystems. This da...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Outdoor Recreation

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. It describes the use of outdoor recreation on a daily basis (requiring short distance movement to reach a recreational area). Outdoor recrea...

DATASET | Last updated:
INCA - Crop Provision

This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. The dataset presents the contribution of ecosystems to crop provision by multiplying the yield in tonne/ha with the ecosystem contribution r...

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
2018-12-14
Modified date
2021-06-03
Landing page
https://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/knowledge/ecosystem_assessment/index_en.htm