This dataset comprises a set of data indicators used for evaluation of the EU resilience to potential bottlenecks in the supply chain of key materials required in wind power, photovoltaic and electric vehicle technologies.
- Darina Blagoeva
- Claudiu Pavel
How to cite
Blagoeva, Darina; Pavel, Claudiu (2017): Assessment of critical materials in wind power, photovoltaic and electric vehicle technologies. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/jrc-mat-et-wind-pv-ev
low-carbon technologies critical materials wind turbines solar photovoltaic supply chain electric vehicles
This link provides a quantitative indication of the EU resilience regarding the supply of materials relevant for the deployment of wind power, photovoltaic and electric vehicles within the 2030 time frame. The analysis is based on a comprehensive methodology, which comprises a set of 11 indicators aggregated in two dimensions: upstream and downstream.
- Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
The ambitious EU policy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in combination with a significant adoption of low-carbon energy and transport technologies will lead to strong growth in the demand for certain raw materials. This report addresses the EU resilience in view of supply of the key materials required for the large deployment of selected low-carbon technologies, namely wind, photovoltaic and electric vehicles.
A comprehensive methodology based on various indicators is used to determine the EU’s resilience to supply bottlenecks along the complete supply chain – from raw materials to final components manufacturing. The results revealed that, in 2015, the EU had low resilience to supply bottlenecks for dysprosium, neodymium, praseodymium and graphite, medium resilience to supply of indium, silver, silicon, cobalt and lithium and high resilience to supply of carbon fibre composites. In the worst case scenario where no mitigation measures are adopted, the materials list with supply issues will grow until 2030. Indium, silver, cobalt and lithium will add up to the 2015 list. However, the probability of material supply shortages for these three low-carbon technologies might diminish by 2030 as a result of mitigation measures considered in the present analysis, i.e. increasing the EU raw materials production, adoption of recycling and substitution. In such optimistic conditions, most of the materials investigated are rated as medium or high resilience. The exceptions are neodymium and praseodymium in electric vehicles, for which the EU resilience will remain low.
|From date||To date|
- Published by
- European Commission, Joint Research Centre
- Created date
- Modified date
- Issued date
- Landing page
- Data theme(s)
- Economy and finance, Energy, Science and technology
- Update frequency