LUCAS Copernicus 2018

Collection: LUCAS : Land Use and Coverage Area frame Survey 


The Land Use/Cover Area frame Survey (LUCAS) is a regular in-situ land cover and land use ground survey exercise that extends over the whole of the European Union. LUCAS was carried out in 2006, 2009, 2012, 2015, and 2018. A new LUCAS module specifically tailored to Earth Observation was introduced in 2018: the LUCAS Copernicus module, aiming at surveying land cover extent up to 51 meters in four cardinal directions around a point of observation. This paper first summarizes the LUCAS Copernicus protocol to collect homogeneous land cover on a surface area of up to a 0.52 ha. Secondly, it proposes a methodology to create a ready-to-use dataset for Earth Observation land cover and land use applications with high resolution satellite imagery. As a result, a total of 63,364 LUCAS points distributed over 26 level-2 land cover classes were surveyed on the ground. Using homogeneous extent information in the four cardinal direction, a polygon was delineated for each of such point. Through geo-spatial analysis and by semantically linking the LUCAS core and Copernicus land cover observations, 58,428 polygons are provided with a level-3 land cover (66 specific classes including crop type) and land use (38 classes) information as inherited from the LUCAS core observation.


raphael.dandrimont (at)


How to cite

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) (2018): LUCAS Copernicus 2018. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:

Data access

LUCAS 2018 Copernicus polygons

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
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Data theme(s)
Agriculture, fisheries, forestry and food, Environment, Science and technology
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