03_JRC-EU-TIMES Hydrogen module

Collection: JRC-EU-TIMES : The JRC European TIMES Energy System Model 


One Excel file contains all data related to hydrogen in JRC-EU-TIMES: hydrogen production, storage, transport and distribution but also on technologies that consume and transform hydrogen. The other two files are the actual model files (Subres files), only for hydrogen production, storage, transport and distribution. Some modules of JRC-EU-TIMES are made open as a separate dataset on a specific topic because the data can also be useful for non-TIMES users.




  • Wouter Nijs
  • Pablo Ruiz

How to cite

Nijs, Wouter; Ruiz, Pablo (2019): 03_JRC-EU-TIMES Hydrogen module. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:


Energy system model Hydrogen

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JRC-EU-TIMES Hydrogen module
  • Link to Excel files

Hydrogen supply chain architecture for bottom-up energy systems models. Part 2: Techno-economic inputs for hydrogen production pathways
  • This article presents and assesses techno-economic inputs and bandwidths for a hydrogen production module in bottom-up energy system models.


Potential for hydrogen and Power-to-Liquid in a low-carbon EU energy system using cost optimization
Blanco Reano, H., Nijs, W., Ruf, J. and Faaij, A., Potential for hydrogen and Power-to-Liquid in a low-carbon EU energy system using cost optimization, APPLIED ENERGY, ISSN 0306-2619 (online), 232, 2018, p. 617-639, JRC108497.
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  • Abstract

    Hydrogen represents a versatile energy carrier with net zero end use emissions. Power-to-Liquid (PtL) includes the combination of hydrogen with CO2 to produce liquid fuels and satisfy mostly transport demand. This study assesses the role of these pathways across scenarios that achieve 80–95% CO2 reduction by 2050 (vs. 1990) using the JRC-EU-TIMES model. The gaps in the literature covered in this study include a broader spatial coverage (EU28+) and hydrogen use in all sectors (beyond transport). The large uncertainty in the possible evolution of the energy system has been tackled with an extensive sensitivity analysis. 15 parameters were varied to produce more than 50 scenarios. Results indicate that parameters with the largest influence are the CO2 target, the availability of CO2 underground storage and the biomass potential. Hydrogen demand increases from 7 mtpa today to 20–120 mtpa (2.4–14.4 EJ/yr), mainly used for PtL (up to 70 mtpa), transport (up to 40 mtpa) and industry (25 mtpa). Only when CO2 storage was not possible due to a political ban or social acceptance issues, was electrolysis the main hydrogen production route (90% share) and CO2 use for PtL became attractive. Otherwise, hydrogen was produced through gas reforming with CO2 capture and the preferred CO2 sink was underground. Hydrogen and PtL contribute to energy security and independence allowing to reduce energy related import cost from 420 bln€/yr today to 350 or 50 bln€/yr for 95% CO2 reduction with and without CO2 storage. Development of electrolyzers, fuel cells and fuel synthesis should continue to ensure these technologies are ready when needed. Results from this study should be complemented with studies with higher spatial and temporal resolution. Scenarios with global trading of hydrogen and potential import to the EU were not included.

How far away is hydrogen? Its role in the medium and long-term decarbonisation of the European energy system
Sgobbi A, Nijs W, De Miglio R, Chiodi A, Gargiulo M, Thiel C. How far away is hydrogen Its role in the medium and long-term decarbonisation of the European energy system. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY 41 (1); 2016. p. 19-35. JRC96734
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  • Abstract

    Hydrogen is a promising avenue for decarbonising energy systems and providing flexibility. In this paper, the JRC-EU-TIMES model – a bottom-up, technology-rich model of the EU28 energy system– is used to assess the role of hydrogen in a future decarbonised Europe under two climate scenarios, current policy initiative (CPI) and long-term decarbonisation (CAP). Our results indicate that hydrogen could become a viable option already in 2030 – however, a long-term CO2 cap is needed to sustain the transition. In the CAP scenario, the share of hydrogen in the final energy consumption of the transport and industry sectors reaches 5% and 6% by 2050. Low-carbon production technologies dominate, and electrolysers provide flexibility by absorbing electricity at times of high availability of intermittent sources. Hydrogen could also play a significant role in the industrial and transport sectors, while the emergence of stationary hydrogen fuel cells for hydrogen-to-power would require significant cost improvements, over and above those projected by the experts.

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European Union

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European Commission, Joint Research Centre
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