DATASET

GHS-BUILT-LAU2STAT R2022A - GHS built-up surface statistics in European LAU2, multitemporal (1975-2020)

Collection: GHSL : Global Human Settlement Layer 

Description

This product contains the summary statistics of GHS-BUILT-S multi-temporal (1975-2020) at Local Administrative Unit Level 2 (LAU2) from the 2020 layer provided

by GISCO. For each LAU2 the table contains the sum of built-up surface (GHS-BUILT-S R2022) between 1975 and 2020 in 5 years interval, expressed in square kilometres.

Contact

Email
jrc-ghsl-data (at) ec.europa.eu

Contributors

How to cite

Schiavina, Marcello; Melchiorri, Michele (2022): GHS-BUILT-LAU2STAT R2022A - GHS built-up surface statistics in European LAU2, multitemporal (1975-2020). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] doi: 10.2905/94D62A61-25D0-42FD-9E1E-A41F877CF788 PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/94d62a61-25d0-42fd-9e1e-a41f877cf788

Keywords

Built-up surface EU Europe GHS BUILT GHS-BUILT GHS-BUILT-S GHSL LAU2 SDG 11 SDG monitoring

Data access

GHS-BUILT-LAU2STAT_EUROPE_R2022A
URL 
  • This product contains the summary statistics of GHS-BUILT-S multi-temporal (1975-2020) at Local Administrative Unit Level 2 (LAU2) from the 2020 layer provided

    by GISCO. For each LAU2 the table contains the sum of built-up surface (GHS-BUILT-S) between 1975 and 2020 in 5 years interval, expressed in square kilometres.

Localising the SDGs
URL 
  • Project Web site

GHSL website
URL 
  • Project Web site

Publications

Publication
Built-up areas are expanding faster than population growth: regional patterns and trajectories in Europe
Schiavina, M., Melchiorri, M., Corban, C., Carneiro Freire, S.M. and Batista E Silva, F., Built-up areas are expanding faster than population growth: regional patterns and trajectories in Europe, JOURNAL OF LAND USE SCIENCE, ISSN 1747-423X (online), 2022, p. 1-18, JRC126757.
  • TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD, ENGLAND
  • Abstract

    Human settlements typically expand to accommodate additional housing demand from a growing population and their socio-economic activities. This implies consumption of land, a limited resource necessary for many other goods and services. The efficiency of this exploitation in relation to demographic trends is key to preserve soils and natural capital that could otherwise be lost or degraded. Here we assess recent (2000 – 2015) patterns of population and built-up growth, the latter assessed through remote sensing. We find that built-up areas have been growing at a faster pace than population on average for the EU27 and that built-up areas expand even where population declines. We quantify the impact of future population growth under different assumptions on future built-up efficiency. Keeping current built-up per capita fixed could preserve up to 9,000 km2 of land until 2030, mostly in predominantly rural and intermediate regions, where land use efficiency is low and has been declining.

Geographic areas

European Union

Spatial coverage

Type Value
WKT
POLYGON((-79.7 88.92,62.29 88.92,62.29 -26.64,-79.7 -26.64,-79.7 88.92))

Temporal coverage

From date To date
1975-01-01 2020-12-31

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
2022-06-01
Modified date
2022-06-24
Issued date
2022-06-25
Landing page
http://ghsl.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ 
Language(s)
English
Data theme(s)
Environment, Regions and cities
Update frequency
irregular
Identifier
http://data.europa.eu/89h/94d62a61-25d0-42fd-9e1e-a41f877cf788
Popularity
15 Jul 2022: 1 visits