Member State

Collection: MSFD-NIS : MSFD: Non-indigenous species 


Records of Non-Indigenous Species (NIS) at MSFD Member State level. The dataset contains i) NIS data until the end of 2011 (baseline), ii) NIS data with the date of first introduction and pathways until the end of 2017, and iii) updates.




  • Non-Indigenous Species National Appointed Experts, European Commission, JRC - MSFD Common Implementation Strategy

How to cite

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) (2022): Member State. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:

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Publication 2021
Marine Strategy Framework Directive – Descriptor 2, Non-Indigenous Species
Tsiamis, K., Palialexis, A., Connor, D., Antoniadis, S., Bartilotti, C., Bartolo, A.G., Berggreen, U.C., Boschetti, S., Buschbaum, C., Canning-Clode, J., Carbonell, A., Castriota, L., Corbeau, C., Costa, A.C., Cvitković, I., Despalatović, M., Dragičević, B., Dulcic, J., Fortič, A., France, J., Gittenberger, A., Gizzi, F., Gollasch, S., Gruszka, P., Hegarty, M., Hema, T., Jensen, K., Josephides, M., Kabuta, S., Kerckhof, F., Kovtun-Kante, A., Krakau, M., Krasniewski, W., Lackschewitz, D., Lehtiniemi, M., Lieberum, C., Linnamagi, M., Lipej, L., Livi, S., Lundgreen, K., Magliozzi, C., Masse, C., Mavri, B., Michailidis, N., Moncheva, S., Mozetič, P., Naddafi, R., Ninčević Gladan, Ž., Ojaveer, H., Olenin, S., Orlando-Bonaca, M., Ouerghi, A., Parente, M.E., Pavlova, P., Peterlin, M., Pitacco, V., Png-Gonzalez, L., Rousou, M., Sala-Pérez, M., Serrano López, A., Skorupski, J., Smolders, S., Srebaliene, G., Stæhr, P.A., Stefanova, K., Strake, S., Tabarcea, C., Todorova, V., Trkov, D., Tuaty-Guerra, M., Vidjak, O., Zenetos, A., Zuljevic, A. and De Jesus Cardoso, A., Marine Strategy Framework Directive – Descriptor 2, Non-Indigenous Species, EUR 30640 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2021, ISBN 978-92-76-32257-3 (online), doi:10.2760/035071 (online), JRC124136.
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Publication page 
  • Abstract

    Marine Non-Indigenous Species (NIS) are animals and plants introduced accidently or deliberately into the European seas, originating from other seas of the globe. About 800 marine non-indigenous species (NIS) currently occur in the European Union national marine waters, several of which have negative impacts on marine ecosystem services and biodiversity. Under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) Descriptor 2 (D2), EU Member States (MSs) need to consider NIS in their marine management strategies. The Descriptor D2 includes one primary criterion (D2C1: new NIS introductions), and two secondary criteria (D2C2 and D2C3). The D2 implementation is characterized by a number of issues and uncertainties which can be applicable to the Descriptor level (e.g. geographical unit of assessment, assessment period, phytoplanktonic, parasitic, oligohaline NIS, etc.), to the primary criterion D2C1 level (e.g. threshold values, cryptogenic, questionable species, etc), and to the secondary criteria D2C2 and D2C3. The current report tackles these issues and provides practical recommendations aiming at a smoother and more efficient implementation of D2 and its criteria at EU level. They constitute a solid operational output which can result in more comparable D2 assessments among MSs and MSFD regions/subregions. When it comes to the policy-side, the current report calls for a number of different categories of NIS to be reported in D2 assessments, pointing the need for the species to be labelled/categorised appropriately in the MSFD reporting by the MSs. These suggestions are proposed to be communicated to the MSFD Working Group of Good Environmental Status (GES) and subsequently to the Marine Strategy Coordination Group (MSCG) of MSFD. Moreover, they can serve as an input for revising the Art. 8 Guidelines.

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European Union

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European Commission, Joint Research Centre
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