Monthly mean sea surface Chlorophyll-a concentration (in mg.m^-3 (log10) at 4km resolution) derived from the MERIS sensor (Satellite remote sensing Ocean color data):
Chlorophyll is a photosynthetic pigment commonly present in all phytoplankton species. It is used as a proxy for phytoplankton biomass.
Chlorophyll concentration is a standard product from satellite-based optical sensors, usually retrieved from empirical algorithms using reflectance ratios at two or more wavebands.
- Frederic Melin
How to cite
Melin, Frederic (2013): EMIS - MERIS Monthly mean sea surface Chlorophyll-a concentration (4km) in mg.m^-3. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/54a284df-6740-4860-8beb-f3c0c34e0a1f
<gml:Envelope srsName="http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/OGC/1.3/CRS84"><gml:lowerCorner>-30.0 10.0</gml:lowerCorner><gml:upperCorner>42.0 70.0</gml:upperCorner></gml:Envelope>
POLYGON((-30 70,42 70,42 10,-30 10,-30 70))
|From date||To date|
General information: Monthly mean sea surface Chlorophyll-a concentration in mg.m^-3 (log10 scalling) derived from the MERIS sensor. Processing information: Chlorophyll-a data is processed using NASA SeaDAS 6.4 software and the standard OC3M algorithm for chla. Temporal characteristics: This product consists of standard monthly mean sea surface chlorophyll-a concentrations (L3 product) at 4km resolution (projection: Equidistant cylindrical Grid mapping: equirectangular). Description of observation methods/instruments: The remote sensing of 'Ocean Color' represents a measure of the spectral variations in the light leaving the water surface, subsequently interpreted in terms of concentrations of optically-significant constituents in the water. After removing the atmospheric contribution, the water leaving radiance recorded at a given time and wavelength by the satellite reflects the optical properties of the water which, in turn, mirrors a specific structure and biogeochemical composition of the marine waters. Accordingly, the satellite-derived reflectance at the air-sea interface can be related to the concentration of an optically-significant constituent (e.g. chlorophyll). The retrieval of chlorophyll from SeaWiFS for case 1 waters (optically dominated by phytoplankton and associated products) uses a 4th order polynomial algorithm (O'Reilly et al. 2000). Quality/accuracy/calibration information: The 'standard' algorithm proposed by space agencies to process data from their sensors has a nominal accuracy of ~35% in the retrieval of surface chlorophyll in case 1 waters. References: J. E. O'Reilly and co-authors, SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3. NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892, Vol. 11, S.B. Hooker and E.R. Firestone, Eds., NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland, 9-23. Other contextual information: The product is stored in NetCDF data and available for download.