2021 PREDICT Dataset (deprecated)

Collection: PREDICT : Prospective insights on R&D in ICT 


PREDICT includes statistics on ICT industries and their R&D in Europe since 2006. The project covers major world competitors including 40 advanced and emerging countries: the EU27 plus United Kingdom, Norway, Russia and Switzerland in Europe; Canada, the United States and Brazil in the Americas; China, India, Japan, South Korea and Taiwan in Asia; and Australia. The dataset provides indicators in a wide variety of topics, including value added, employment, labour productivity and business R&D expenditure (BERD), distinguishing fine grain economic activities in ICT industries (up to 22 individual activities, 14 of which at the class level, i.e. at 4 digits in the ISIC/NACE classification), media and content industries (15 activities, 11 of them at 4 digit level) and at a higher level of aggregation for all the other industries in the economy. It also produces data on Government financing of R&D in ICTs, and total R&D expenditure. Nowcasting of more relevant data in these domains is also performed until a year before the reference date, while time series go back to 1995.

ICTs determine competitive power in the knowledge economy. The ICT sector alone accounts for almost one fourth of total Business expenditure in R&D (BERD) for the aggregate of the 40 economies under scrutiny in the project. It also has a huge enabling role for innovation in other technological domains. This is reflected at the EU policy level, where the Digital Agenda for Europe in 2010 was identified as one of the seven pillars of the Europe 2020 Strategy for growth in the Union; and the achievement of a Digital Single Market (DSM) is one of the 10 political priorities set by the Commission since 2015.


montserrat.lopez-cobo (at)


How to cite

Fernando Pascual; Cardona, Melisande; Vazquez-Prada Baillet, Miguel; López-Cobo, Montserrat; De Prato, Giuditta; Samoili, Sofia; Righi, Riccardo; Mas, Matilde; Fernández de Guevara, Juan; Benages, Eva; Hernández, Laura; Mínguez, Consuelo; Pérez, Juan; Robledo, Juan Carlos; Salamanca, Jimena; Solaz, Marta (2021): 2021 PREDICT Dataset (deprecated). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:


ICT industry analysis digital economy information society ICT R&D and innovation R&D ICT innovation statistics

Data access

PREDICT 2021 Datset, Excel file
PREDICT 2021 Dataset, CSV file


The 2021 PREDICT Key Facts Report
Mas, M., Fernández De Guevara Radoselovics, J., Robledo, J.C., Cardona, M., Samoili, S., Vazquez-Prada Baillet, M., Righi, R. and Papazoglou, M., The 2021 PREDICT Key Facts Report, De Prato, G. and Lopez Cobo, M. editor(s), EUR 30870 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2021, ISBN 978-92-76-42590-8 (online), doi:10.2760/98224 (online), JRC126592.
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
  • Abstract

    The 2021 PREDICT Key Facts Report provides a detailed analysis of the state of ICT R&D activities in the European Union (EU27) and 13 further economies worldwide. This is the 14th edition of a series that is published annually. Like the previous editions, an online version is available at: The report covers the period between 1995 and 2018, providing a long-term analysis of the EU ICT sector and its R&D, covering a whole cycle from the initial expansion years to the double recession that began in early 2008, and the most recent evolution up to 2018. For the EU aggregate the report includes nowcasted data for 2019 and 2020. Therefore, it offers a glimpse of the effects of COVID-19. The statistical information provided by the figures allows the comparison between: the ICT sector and the total economy; the ICT manufacturing sector and the ICT services sector; the four ICT manufacturing sectors, two ICT services sectors, and Media and content and Retail sale via mail order houses or via Internet sectors; EU countries; the EU and the international context (including the most relevant countries in the world economy). The report focuses especially on the ICT R&D macroeconomic dynamics.

PREDICT 2021 Dashboard
The 2021 PREDICT Dataset Methodology
Benages, E., Hernández, L., Mínguez, C., Pascual, F., Robledo, J.C., Rosell, I., Salamanca, J., Solaz, M., Righi, R., Samoili, S. and Vazquez-Prada Baillet, M., The 2021 PREDICT Dataset Methodology, De Prato, G., Cardona, M., Lopez Cobo, M., Mas, M. and Fernandez, J. editor(s), EUR 30945 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2022, ISBN 978-92-76-46058-9 (online), doi:10.2760/080229 (online), JRC126918.
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
  • Abstract

    This methodological report details the work done in the Prospective Insights on R&D in ICT (PREDICT) project in 2021. PREDICT provides updated indicators for the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector and for its Research and Development (R&D) in the European Union and in the major ICT leaders worldwide. This project is being carried out jointly by the Joint Research Centre, Directorate B and the Directorate General for Communications Networks, Content and Technology (DG CNECT) of the European Commission. The data and methodologies have been developed in collaboration with the Valencian Institute of Economic Research (Ivie). The PREDICT Dataset has been deepened and expanded along the years in order to include complementary dimensions, such as the Media and Content sector. Since 2017, an updated methodology for estimating Government budget allocations for ICT R&D (ICT GBARD) is applied. Furthermore, for the most important indicators, PREDICT time series have been reconstructed back to 1995, while the main indicators are nowcasted for 2019 and 2020, thus providing comparable time series from 1995 to 2020. In this edition, an additional section addresses the methodological issues arising with nowcasting in times of the COVID crisis.

Geographic areas


Temporal coverage

From date To date
1995 2020

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
Modified date
Issued date
Landing page 
Data theme(s)
Science and technology
Update frequency
11 Jul 2022: 1 visits