DATASET

UDP - Share of residential, industrial and commercial areas, 2010 - 2050 (JRC LUISA Trend Scenario 2016)

Collection: LUISA : Land-Use based Integrated Sustainability Assessment modelling platform 

Description

Share of the land classified as urban, industrial and commercial and urban green leisure.

The indicator represents a percentage (%) of residential, industrial and commercial areas over total area.

Contact

Email
carlo.lavalle (at) ec.europa.eu

Contributors

How to cite

Kompil, Mert; Lavalle, Carlo (2015): UDP - Share of residential, industrial and commercial areas, 2010 - 2050 (JRC LUISA Trend Scenario 2016). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/jrc-luisa-udp-shareofresindcom-trend-2016

Keywords

CLC degurb Share residential area EU Reference Scenario 2016 non-metro Share urban green leisure FUA LUISA NUTS0 Share commercial area metro Share industrial area City

Data access

UDP - Share of residential, industrial and commercial areas (Danube)
URL 
  • The download link contains the information at City, FUA, metro and non-metro regions, degree of urbanisation and country levels from 01-01-2010 to 31-12-2050 in European Union. The data is stored in text/csv format.

UDP - Share of residential, industrial and commercial areas (Europe)
URL 
  • The download link contains the information at City, FUA, metro and non-metro regions, degree of urbanisation and country levels from 01-01-2010 to 31-12-2050 in European Union. The data is stored in text/csv format.

LUISA Territorial Modelling Platform
URL 
  • The LUISA Territorial Modelling Platform is primarily used for the ex-ante evaluation of EC policies that have a direct or indirect territorial impact

Urban Data Platform
URL 
  • The Urban Data Platform is a joint initiative of the Directorate General Joint Research Centre (DG JRC) and the Directorate General for Regional and Urban Policy (DG REGIO) of the European Commission. It provides an access point to exchange information on the status and trends of European cities and regions.It visualizes data via maps at three different geographical units including EU-wide Cities/Greater Cities, Functional Urban Areas and Metropolitan Regions. It also includes time series graphs for selected cities, for Metropolitan Regions, and by degree of urbanisation.

Publications

Publication
Simulation of EU Policies and Evaluation of their Territorial Impacts Urban development and accessibility indicators: methods and preliminary results. An application of the Reference Scenario in the LUISA platform – Updated Configuration 2014
Lopes Barbosa A, Jacobs C, Aurambout J, Batista E Silva F, Ribeiro Barranco R, Baranzelli C, Perpiña Castillo C, Kompil M, Vandecasteele I, Lavalle C. Simulation of EU Policies and Evaluation of their Territorial Impacts Urban development and accessibility indicators: methods and preliminary results. An application of the Reference Scenario in the LUISA platform – Updated Configuration 2014. EUR 27014. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2014. JRC94015
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Publication page 
  • Abstract

    The European Union is committed, through the Cohesion Policy, to contribute to a sustainable economic, social and territorial cohesion by reducing disparities between the levels of development of regions and countries of its member states. The EU's main investment policy is also responsible for mainstreaming the environment into its programmes and projects. The Land Use-based Integrated Sustainability Assessment Platform (LUISA) was parameterized according to a ‘Reference Scenario 2014’ to assess the spatial impact of regional and urban policy in Europe. In order to show the impacts of EU policies included in the Reference Scenario, a set of indicators were computed to measure [1] land use intensity and the urban sprawl and [2] the implication of this policy on accessibility in the EU regions. The modelling results indicated that in spite of important regional differences, the overall land use intensity will decline. The Reference Scenario also shows a general increase in urban sprawl across Europe most significantly in the main EU capital cities.

Publication
European cities: territorial analysis of characteristics and trends - An application of the LUISA Modelling Platform (EU Reference Scenario 2013 - Updated Configuration 2014)
Kompil M, Aurambout J, Ribeiro Barranco R, Barbosa A, Jacobs C, Pisoni E, Zulian G, Vandecasteele I, Trombetti M, Vizcaino M, Vallecillo Rodriguez S, Batista E Silva F, Baranzelli C, Mari Rivero I, Perpiña Castillo C, Polce C, Maes J, Lavalle C. European cities: territorial analysis of characteristics and trends - An application of the LUISA Modelling Platform (EU Reference Scenario 2013 - Updated Configuration 2014). EUR 27709. Luxembourg (Luxembourg): Publications Office of the European Union; 2015. JRC100001
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Publication page 
  • Abstract

    Cities and towns are at the core of the European economy but they are often also the places where problems related to the quality of life of citizens such as unemployment, segregation and poverty are most evident.

    To curtail the negative impacts and foster the positive effects of ongoing urban processes in Europe, policies have to be adjusted and harmonised to accommodate future urbanization trends. Such an analysis of the evolution of European cities requires the evaluation of impacts of continent-wide drivers and, at the same time, assessment of the effect of national and local strategies.

    As a contribution to this analysis of the current and future evolution of European territories (countries, macro-regions, regions or urban areas), the Directorate-General Joint Research Centre (DG JRC) of the European Commission (EC) has developed the Land-Use-based Integrated Sustainability Assessment (LUISA) Modelling Platform. Based on the concept of ‘dynamic land functions’, LUISA has adopted a novel approach towards activity-based modelling and endogenous dynamic allocation of population, services and activities.

    This report illustrates how European cities could potentially evolve over the time period 2010-2050, according to the reference configuration of the LUISA modelling platform, on the basis of a collection of spatial indicators covering several thematic fields. These spatial indicators aim to improve our understanding of urbanization and urban development processes in Europe; explore territorial dimensions of projected demographic and economic changes, and finally examine some key challenges that urban areas are or may be exposed to. Some of the key findings of this report are given below:

    - The proportion of the population living in cities, towns and suburbs is higher in the EU than in the rest of the world. According to the LUISA forecasts, the urban proportion will continue to increase up to 2030; subsequently slow down, and reach a relatively steady state by 2050. - In 2010, 65% of the EU population were living in Functional Urban Areas (FUA, the city and its commuting zone). This figure is expected to reach 70% by 2050. The total EU-28 population is expected to grow by 4.6%. Most of this population growth will occur particularly in FUA which will grow by an average 14%. - As of 2010, the amount of artificial areas per inhabitant in the EU-28 was estimated as 498 m2: it becomes 539 m2 in 2050 with an 8% increase. Although there is not a unique spatial pattern, land take tends to start peak at 5 km distance from the city centre. This is due to the fact that land is often less available for development within city centres and that the majority of land take therefore will occur firstly in the suburbs and then in rural areas. - By 2050, potential accessibility – as measure of economic opportunities - will be higher in the urban areas of north-western Europe, while it will not improve in lagging European regions. Urban form has a considerable impact on average travelled distances and thus potentially on the energy dependence of transport. - Green infrastructure is mainly located at the periphery of urban areas. Its share per person is generally low or very low in most of the European cities, with few exceptions. Green infrastructure per capita in FUA shows a general trend towards a decrease across the EU-28 (by approximately 13%) between 2010 and 2050. - Larger cities tend to have higher average flood risk, especially due to the higher sensitivity in terms of potential human and physical losses.

    The analysis herein presented is part of a wider initiative of DG JRC and DG REGIO aiming to improve the management of knowledge and sharing of information related to territorial policies, such as those concerning urban development. In this framework, the work will be further developed, covering the following main elements:

    - Development of the European Urban Data Platform, providing a single access point for data and indicators on the status and trends of European urban areas; - Updates of the LUISA configuration, to account for new socio-economic projections; - Support to the development of the EU Urban Agenda and related initiatives; - Provision of evidence-based support for the evaluation of territorial policies in particular to proof the role of cities in the implementation of EU priorities.

Geographic areas

European Union

Temporal coverage

From date To date
2010-01-01 2050-01-01

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
2018-12-14
Modified date
2018-12-20
Issued date
2015-04-22
Landing page
https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/territorial-policies 
Language(s)
English
Data theme(s)
Health, Population and society, Science and technology
Update frequency
annual
Identifier
http://data.europa.eu/89h/jrc-luisa-udp-shareofresindcom-trend-2016
Popularity