The Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy brings together thousands of local and regional authorities voluntarily committed to implementing climate mitigation measures and energy objectives on their territory. This document provides an update to the Covenant of Mayors (CoM) default emission factors and an extension of the Business-As-usual Scenario coefficients initially published in Cerutti and Janssens-Maenhout (2013) and Cerutti et al. (2014) Joint Research Centre (JRC) technical reports. The CoM default emission factors can be used by local authorities in the Southern Mediterranean Partner countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, Tunisia) of Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy initiative to estimate their CO2 or Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions due to: a) local consumption of fossil fuels and non-renewable wastes b) local consumption of biofuels, biomass, solar thermal and geothermal Renewable energy sources (RES) c) local electricity production from other RES (wind, hydroelectric, photovoltaics) d) local electricity consumption
- Greet Janssens-Maenhout
How to cite
Koffi, Brigitte; Cerutti, Alessandro; Duerr, Marlene; Iancu, Andreea; Kona, Albana; Janssens-Maenhout, Greet (2017): CoM Default Emission Factors for the Southern Mediterranean Partner countries - Version 2017. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/jrc-com-ef-coms-ef-2017
The file "CoM Default Emission Factors for the Southern Mediterranean Partner countries- Version 2017" contains 5 Tables of default emission factors and BAU coefficients for Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine, and Tunisia.
- European Commission
The Covenant of Mayors for the Members of the Southern Neighbourhood (CoM South), which was launched in 2012, required an adaptation of the Covenant of Mayors (CoM) methodology to the local situation and a complete revision of the CoM Guidebook "How to develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP)". Such an adaptation was made by tackling in a more appropriate way the specific institutional and economic situation of the Southern Mediterranean countries involved in the initiative. This specific approach for CoM South Mediterranean countries is based on the commitment to a reduction of CO2 emissions with reference to a Business As Usual (BAU) emission scenario, instead of to the past or current emission situation. Adopting a Business As Usual approach allows the signatories to fulfil their aspiration for further development, by including social and economic progress in the calculation of the emissions projections. In a previous report dated 2013, a scientific region-specific BAU projection was applied to the calculation of CO2 and CO2 equivalent emission coefficients for 2020 for the Mediterranean area, using European Commission tools and data, from the CIRCE (Climate change and impact research: the Mediterranean environment) integrated project. In the process of extending the Covenant of Mayors action from the 2020 to the 2030 target year as part of the new integrated "Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy", an update and extension of the emission projections and coefficients for the current members of the Southern Neighbourhood (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon,
Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia) are provided in this report.
- Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
The Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy initiative, hereafter called “Covenant” or “CoM”, brings together local and regional authorities voluntarily committing to develop and implement a Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP) containing measures to reduce their energy (and non-energy) related Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions.
Within the CoM 2010 guidebook ‘How to develop a Sustainable Energy Action Plan’ (Bertoldi et al., 2010), Part II focuses on the compiling of local GHG emission inventories in the 28 Member States of the European Union (EU). This technical report provides an update of the CoM default emission factors, reported in Part II of the CoM 2010 guidebook and subsequently revised (CoM, 2014; CoM, 2016), together with information on the methodologies, assumptions and data sources, as well as recommendations for their application to the calculation of CO2 and GHG (CO2, CH4 and N2O) emissions due to local use or production of energy (fuel, municipal wastes, renewable energy sources (RES), electricity). As for previous versions, the CoM default emission factors - Version 2017 (expressed in tCO2 or CO2 equivalent/MWh), to be used to estimate standard direct emissions are the IPCC (2006) default factors for stationary combustion for the energy carriers and RES, the most commonly used in the European Union. The CoM default emission factors to estimate local emissions using the Life Cycle Assessment approach, which also includes emissions from the entire supply chain, have been updated using the lastest version (v3.2) of the European Life Cycle Database, as well as other Life Cycle databases and literature reviews. For indirect emissions from local consumption of electricity, national and EU annual factors have been calculated for the 1990 to 2013, using an updated methodological approach and an extended set of energy data (IEA, 2016). The GHG emission factors (in tCO2-eq/MWh) have been estimated using the 100-year time horizon Global Warming Potential factors from the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (IPCC, 2007), which are the ones currently recommended to the EU countries for the national inventory reporting, in the frame of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
Regular updates of CoM default emission factors are foreseen for the future. New CoM signatories are therefore recommended to use the latest version of Annex I available from the Covenant on-line library . It is important to note is that the emission factors used to calculate emission inventories should be consistent for the entire implementation process of the SECAP. In particular, since more recent knowledge and technologies can give substantial changes, it is strongly recommended when opting for the use of CoM default
emission factors, not to modify the ones applied to the Baseline Emission Inventory during the monitoring phase, in order to identify the trends and changes in local emissions that are due to local energy production and consumption. When selecting the CoM default emission factors, it is also important to ensure that they are appropriate to local fuel quality and composition. If local authorities prefer to use emission factors that better reflect the properties of the fuels used in their territory for the calculation and update of their local emission inventories, they are welcome to do so, when more country specific or local data are available and reliable.
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- 09 Jan 2022: 1 visits