Biofuels pathways. Input values and GHG emissions. Database (COM(2016)767)

Collection: ALF-BIO : Alternative Fuels and BIOenergy 


This database accompanies the JRC Report EUR 28349 EN. The database contains all the input numbers and sources used for the calculations of the typical and default GHG emission values presented in Annex V of of the Proposal for a Recast of the Renewable Energy Directive COM(2016) 767. It also contains: i) final GHG emissions results, ii) several worksheets with general input data used in various pathways iii) specific input data for all the considered pathways. Stakeholders can use the database to get a deeper insight into the values contained in Annex V, and into the input data used in each pathway (from cultivation of feedstock to conversion, transport and distribution of the final product), including their sources. Contacts are provided here in case of queries on the values and errors in the file. This file contains the values exactly as reported in the Annex V of the Proposal (published in November 2016). In case of changes to the values before the policy approval, new versions of the file will be uploaded.


luisa.marelli (at)


How to cite

Edwards, Robert; Padella, Monica; Giuntoli, Jacopo; Koeble, Renate; O'Connell, Adrian; Bulgheroni, Claudia; Marelli, Luisa (2016): Biofuels pathways. Input values and GHG emissions. Database (COM(2016)767). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:


Biodiesel Biofuels Default values Ethanol GHG emissions HVO Renewable Energy Directive Vegetable oils

Data access

  • The database is created in Microsoft Excel. It has a user-friendly interface to facilitate distribution and use among stakeholders. Please start with the 'Contents' worksheet from which you can select any of the other worksheets.


Publication 2017
Definition of input data to assess GHG default emissions from biofuels in EU legislation: Version 1c - July 2017
Edwards, R., Padella, M., Giuntoli, J., Koeble, R., O` Connell, A., Bulgheroni, C. and Marelli, L., Definition of input data to assess GHG default emissions from biofuels in EU legislation: Version 1c - July 2017, EUR 28349 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2017, ISBN 978-92-79-64616-4 (main report print),978-92-79-66184-6 (annex print),978-92-79-64617-1 (main report PDF),978-92-79-66185-3 (annex PDF), doi:10.2790/22354 (main report print),10.2760/366440 (annex print),10.2790/658143 (main report online),10.2760/284718 (annex online), JRC104483.
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Publication page 
  • Abstract

    The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) (2009/28/EC) and the Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) (2009/30/EC), amended in 2015 by Directive (EU) 2015/1513 (so called ‘ILUC Directive’), fix a minimum requirement for greenhouse gas (GHG) savings for biofuels and bioliquids for the period until 2020, and set the rules for calculating the greenhouse impact of biofuels, bioliquids and their fossil fuels comparators. To help economic operators to declare the GHG emission savings of their products, default and typical values for a number of spefic pathways are listed in the annexes of the RED and FQD. The EC Joint Research Center (JRC) is in charge of defining input values to be used for the calculation of default GHG emissions for biofuels, bioliquids, solid and gaseous biomass pathways. An update of the GHG emissions in Annex V has been carried out for the new Proposal of a Directive on the Promotion of the Use of Energy from Renewable Sources (COM(2016)767 - RED-2), for the post-2020 framework. This report describes the assumptions made by the JRC when compiling the new updated data set used to calculate default and typical GHG emissions for the different biofuels pathways as proposed in the new RED-2 document.

Geographic areas

European Union

Temporal coverage

From date To date
2016-11-30 N/A

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
Modified date
Issued date
Landing page 
Data theme(s)
Energy, Transport
Update frequency