Biofuels pathways. Input values and GHG emissions. Database (Directive 2018/2001)

Collection: ALF-BIO : Alternative Fuels and BIOenergy 


This database accompanies JRC Report EUR 28349 EN version 1d - 2019. This final version of the report updates and replaces the previous version 1c published in July 2017. The pathways mainly affected by these final updates are: palm oil, waste cooking oil, animal fat and HVO. The database contains all the input numbers and sources used for the calculations of the typical and default GHG emission values presented in Annex V of Directive (EU) 2018/2001 (Renewable Energy Directive recast). It also contains: i) final GHG emissions results, ii) several worksheets with general input data used in various pathways iii) specific input data for all the considered pathways. Stakeholders can use the database to get a deeper insight into the values contained in Annex V, and into the input data used in each pathway (from cultivation of feedstock to conversion, transport and distribution of the final product), including their sources. Contacts are provided here in case of queries on the values and errors in the file.


robert.edwards (at)


How to cite

Edwards, Robert; O'Connell, Adrian; Padella, Monica; Giuntoli, Jacopo; Koeble, Renate; Bulgheroni, Claudia; Marelli, Luisa; Lonza, Laura (2019): Biofuels pathways. Input values and GHG emissions. Database (Directive 2018/2001). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:


Biodiesel Biofuels Default values Directive 2018/2001 Ethanol GHG emissions HVO Renewable Energy Directive Vegetable oils

Data access

  • The database is created in Microsoft Excel. It has a user-friendly interface to facilitate distribution and use among stakeholders. Please start with the 'Contents' worksheet from which you can select any of the other worksheets.


Publication 2019
Definition of input data to assess GHG default emissions from biofuels in EU legislation
Edwards, R., O` Connell, A., Padella, M., Giuntoli, J., Koeble, R., Bulgheroni, C., Marelli, L. and Lonza, L., Definition of input data to assess GHG default emissions from biofuels in EU legislation, EUR 28349 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-02907-6 (online),978-92-76-02908-3 (print), doi:10.2760/69179 (online),10.2760/370921 (print), JRC115952.
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Publication page 
  • Abstract

    Directive EU 2018/2001 on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources has been officially ratified in December 2018 for the post-2020 framework. It is a new iteration of the Renewable Energy Directive RED, the so-called ‘recast’, work on which began in 2016. The Directive fixes a minimum requirement for greenhouse gas (GHG) savings for biofuels and bioliquids for the period from 2021 to 2030, and sets the rules for calculating the greenhouse impact of biofuels, bioliquids and their fossil fuels comparators. To help economic operators to declare the GHG emission savings of their products, default and typical values for a number of specific pathways are listed in the annexes of the RED-recast (Annex V). The EC Joint Research Center (JRC) is in charge of defining input values to be used for the calculation of default GHG emissions for biofuels, bioliquids, solid and gaseous biomass pathways. An update of the GHG emissions in Annex V has been carried out for the new Directive on the Promotion of the Use of Energy from Renewable Sources (Directive 2018/2001), for the post-2020 framework. This report describes the assumptions made by the JRC when compiling the new updated data set used to calculate default and typical GHG emissions for the different biofuels pathways as proposed in the new directive.

Geographic areas

European Union

Temporal coverage

From date To date
2018-12-11 N/A

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
Modified date
Issued date
Landing page 
Data theme(s)
Energy, Transport
Update frequency