DATASET

Fire danger (Canadian Fire Weather Index system) in the European Forest Fire Information System (version 2-3-1)

Collection: CEMS-EFFIS : Copernicus Emergency Management System - European Forest Fire Information System 

Description

This dataset series refers to the fire danger information provided by the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) [1]. ▷_How to cite: see below_◁  

Fire danger (Canadian Fire Weather Index system) information is computed in daily maps over Europe with a forecast from 1 to 10 days of forecasted fire danger level using numerical weather predictions. The module is active all year around, although the core of the wildfire season is, in most countries, from 1st of March to 31st of October. Available components for the Canadian Fire Weather Index (FWI) system operated in EFFIS are: the aggregated FWI, the Initial Spread Index (ISI), the Build Up Index (BUI), the Fine Fuel Moisture Code (FFMC), the Duff Moisture Code (DMC), the Drought Code (DC), the Ranking, and the Anomaly.

[1] Van Wagner, C. E., Pickett, T. L., 1985. Equations and FORTRAN program for the Canadian Forest Fire Weather Index System. Vol. 33 of Forestry Technical Report. Canadian Forestry Service, Ottawa, Canada. https://cfs.nrcan.gc.ca/publications?id=19973

__How to cite__ - When using these data, please cite the relevant data sources. A suggested citation is included in the following:       

- San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Houston Durrant, T., Boca, R., Libertà, G., Branco, A., de Rigo, D., Ferrari, D., Maianti, P., Artés Vivancos, T., Schulte, E., Loffler, P., Benchikha, A., Abbas, M., Humer, F., Konstantinov, V., Pešut, I., Petkoviček, S., Papageorgiou, K., Toumasis, I., Kütt, V., Kõiv, K., Ruuska, R., Anastasov, T., Timovska, M., Michaut, P., Joannelle, P., Lachmann, M., Pavlidou, K., Debreceni, P., Nagy, D., Nugent, C., Di Fonzo, M., Leisavnieks, E., Jaunķiķis, Z., Mitri, G., Repšienė, S., Assali, F., Mharzi Alaoui, H., Botnen, D., Piwnicki, J., Szczygieł, R., Janeira, M., Borges, A., Sbirnea, R., Mara, S., Eritsov, A., Longauerová, V., Jakša, J., Enriquez, E., Lopez, A., Sandahl, L., Reinhard, M., Conedera, M., Pezzatti, B., Dursun, K. T., Baltaci, U., Moffat, A., 2017. Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2016. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN:978-92-79-71292-0, https://doi.org/10.2760/17690       

- San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Schulte, E., Schmuck, G., Camia, A., 2013. The European Forest Fire Information System in the context of environmental policies of the European Union. Forest Policy and Economics 29, 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2011.08.012      

- San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Schulte, E., Schmuck, G., Camia, A., Strobl, P., Libertà, G., Giovando, C., Boca, R., Sedano, F., Kempeneers, P., McInerney, D., Withmore, C., de Oliveira, S. S., Rodrigues, M., Houston Durrant, T., Corti, P., Oehler, F., Vilar, L., Amatulli, G., 2012. Comprehensive monitoring of wildfires in Europe: the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS). In: Tiefenbacher, J. (Ed.), Approaches to Managing Disaster - Assessing Hazards, Emergencies and Disaster Impacts. InTech, Ch. 5. http://doi.org/10.5772/28441       

- Di Giuseppe, F., Pappenberger, F., Wetterhall, F., Krzeminski, B., Camia, A., Libertà, G., San Miguel, J., 2016. The potential predictability of fire danger provided by numerical weather prediction. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology 55 (11), 2469-2491. https://doi.org/10.1175/jamc-d-15-0297.1      

Contact

Email
jrc-effis (at) ec.europa.eu

Contributors

How to cite

jrc-effis@ec.europa.eu (2018): Fire danger (Canadian Fire Weather Index system) in the European Forest Fire Information System (version 2-3-1). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID: http://data.europa.eu/89h/4ad7c541-d39f-441a-81cd-81d9ceae3d2e

Keywords

Copernicus Copernicus Emergency Management Service European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS) Modelled family of quantities: Fire danger

Data access

[Download] Data Download Service
URL 
  • Data download service for thematic typologies of data related to wildfires in Europe (including fire events, burnt area and severity; fire danger; active fires).

[VIEW] [WMS] EFFIS View Service
URL 
  • EFFIS view service for thematic typologies of data related to wildfires in Europe (including fire events, burnt area and severity; fire danger; active fires).

Spatial coverage

Type Value
GML
<gml:Envelope srsName="http://www.opengis.net/def/crs/OGC/1.3/CRS84"><gml:lowerCorner>-20.00 25.00</gml:lowerCorner><gml:upperCorner>45.00 72.00</gml:upperCorner></gml:Envelope>
GEO
POLYGON((-20 72,45 72,45 25,-20 25,-20 72))
GEO
{"type":"Polygon","crs":{"type":"name","properties":{"name":"urn:ogc:def:crs:OGC:1.3:CRS84"}},"coordinates":[[[-20.00,72.00],[45.00,72.00],[45.00,25.00],[-20.00,25.00],[-20.00,72.00]]]}

Temporal coverage

From date To date
2012-01-01 N/A

Lineage information

Fire danger (Canadian Fire Weather Index system) information is based on the use of meteorological forecast data received daily from the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF), and the French MeteoFrance. Fire danger is mapped in 6 classes (very low, low, medium, high, very high and extreme) with a spatial resolution of about 16 km (ECMWF data), and 10 km (MF data). The fire danger classes are the same for all countries and maps show a harmonized picture of the spatial distribution of fire danger level throughout EU.

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
2021-04-23
Modified date
2020-08-26
Issued date
2018-09-28
Landing page
http://effis.jrc.ec.europa.eu/ 
Language(s)
English
Data theme(s)
Environment
Update frequency
unknown
Identifier
http://data.europa.eu/89h/4ad7c541-d39f-441a-81cd-81d9ceae3d2e
Popularity