Organisation: European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Point of contact:

Title: INCA - Recreation - ES Demand- 2000-2006-2012


This dataset is an output of KIP INCA. It describes the demand (ES Demand) for outdoor recreation on a daily basis (requiring short distance movement to reach a recreational area).

Outdoor recreation is a cultural ecosystem service that includes all physical and intellectual interactions with biota, ecosystems, land-/seascapes.

Households are considered as user of the service; therefore, to quantify the demand for outdoor recreation we used the population data from the Global Human Settlement (GHS) model (European Commission-Joint Research Centre) . For comparative purposes, population density is estimated at LAU region as the ratio between the total population and the area of the region (persons per square kilometre).

The assessment is based on an analysis of ROS9 classes (More information is available in Vallecillo et al. 2018)

Dem_allyears_use_based.shp contains:

lau_km2: extent of LAU2 region in km2 pop_2000: inhabintants in year 2000 pop_2012: inhabintants in year ...

Joachim Maes
How to cite
Maes, Joachim (2018):  INCA - Recreation - ES Demand- 2000-2006-2012. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] PID:
Related resources

Data access


  • publication Ecosystem services accounting: Part I - Outdoor recreation and crop pollination

    Vallecillo Rodriguez, S., La Notte, A., Polce, C., Zulian, G., Alexandris, N., Ferrini, S. and Maes, J., Ecosystem services accounting: Part I - Outdoor recreation and crop pollination , EUR 29024 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-77333-4, doi:10.2760/619793, JRC110321.


Additional information
Issue date 2018-03-05
Landing page
Temporal coverage

From: 2000-01-01 – To: 2012-01-01

Update frequency not planned
Language English
Data theme(s) Economy and finance; Environment
EuroVoc concept(s) biotope; land use
Geographic information

No additional information

Geographic bounding box

81.4° N, 43.2° E, 35.3° S, -11.5° W

Coordinate Reference System ETRS89 / LAEA Europe

Please be aware that the information and links provided in the metadata above are maintained in distributed and heterogeneous information systems. Although we strive to maintain and keep links and information updated, this may not always be possible because of changes that are not registered and updated in the relevant information systems. Please, help us to maintain the system updated by indicating broken links or any other outdated information by contacting the relevant contact point. You can also inform us using the "Contact" link of this page.