GHS-POP R2019A - GHS population grid multitemporal (1975-1990-2000-2015) - OBSOLETE RELEASE

Collection: GHSL : Global Human Settlement Layer 


The spatial raster dataset depicts the distribution of population, expressed as the number of people per cell. Residential population estimates for target years 1975, 1990, 2000 and 2015 provided by CIESIN GPWv4.10 were disaggregated from census or administrative units to grid cells, informed by the distribution and density of built-up as mapped in the Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) global layer per corresponding epoch.

This dataset is an update of the product released in 2016. Major improvements are the following: use of better maps reporting built-up density (GHS-BUILT); use of more recents and detailed population estimates from GPWv4.10; better representation of settlements along coastlines; critical revision of census units declared as unpopulated; WGS-84 grids added.


jrc-ghsl-data (at)


How to cite

Schiavina, Marcello; Freire, Sergio; MacManus, Kytt (2019): GHS-POP R2019A - GHS population grid multitemporal (1975-1990-2000-2015) - OBSOLETE RELEASE. European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC) [Dataset] doi: 10.2905/0C6B9751-A71F-4062-830B-43C9F432370F PID:


GHS POP GHS-POP GPW GHSL Population grid global map

Data access

  • GHS population grid, derived from GPW4.10, for 1975, 1990, 2000 and 2015. Values are expressed as decimals (Float). The data is published at medium and low resolution (250m and 1km respectively) in World Mollweide (EPSG:54009). The grids in WGS-84 (EPSG:4326) are produced from the 250m World Mollweide grids and have a spatial resolution of 30 arc-seconds and 9 arc-seconds. The compressed ZIP file contain TIF files and short documentation.

GHSL website
  • Project Web site


Publication 2019
GHSL Data Package 2019
Florczyk, A., Corban, C., Ehrlich, D., Carneiro Freire, S., Kemper, T., Maffenini, L., Melchiorri, M., Pesaresi, M., Politis, P., Schiavina, M., Sabo, F. and Zanchetta, L., GHSL Data Package 2019, EUR 29788 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-13186-1 (online),978-92-76-13187-8 (print), doi:10.2760/290498 (online),10.2760/0726 (print), JRC117104.
  • Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Publication page 
  • Abstract

    The Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) produces new global spatial information, evidence-based analytics and knowledge describing the human presence on the planet Earth. The GHSL operates in a fully open and free data and methods access policy, building the knowledge supporting the definition, the public discussion and the implementation of European policies and the international frameworks as the 2030 Development Agenda and the related thematic agreements. The GHSL supports the GEO Human Planet Initiative (HPI) that is committed to developing a new generation of measurements and information products providing new scientific evidence and a comprehensive understanding of the human presence on the planet and that can support global policy processes with agreed, actionable and goal-driven metrics. The Human Planet Initiative relies on a core set of partners committed in coordinating the production of the global settlement spatial baseline data. One of the core partners is the European Commission, Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Global Human Settlement Layer project. The Global Human Settlement Layer project produces global spatial information, evidence-based analytics, and knowledge describing the human presence in the planet. This document describes the public release of the GHSL Data Package 2019 (GHS P2019).

Geographic areas


Spatial coverage

Type Value
<gml:Polygon xmlns:gml="">  <gml:outerBoundaryIs>    <gml:LinearRing>      <gml:coordinates>-180,90 180,90 180,-90 -180,-90 -180,90</gml:coordinates>    </gml:LinearRing>  </gml:outerBoundaryIs></gml:Polygon>
<gml:Polygon xmlns:gml="">  <gml:exterior>    <gml:LinearRing>      <gml:posList>-180 90 180 90 180 -90 -180 -90 -180 90</gml:posList>    </gml:LinearRing>  </gml:exterior></gml:Polygon>
POLYGON ((-180 90, 180 90, 180 -90, -180 -90, -180 90))

Temporal coverage

From date To date
1975-01-01 2015-12-30

Additional information

Published by
European Commission, Joint Research Centre
Created date
Modified date
Issued date
Landing page 
Data theme(s)
Regions and cities, Science and technology
Update frequency